Food poisons to dogs

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13 years 2 months ago #17886 by beedee
Food poisons to dogs was created by beedee
I know we had a discussion a few months ago, but thought this article contains most things
Foods HAZARDOUS to your Pets

By Dr Andrew | April 22, 2009

Foods HAZARDOUS to your Pets
There are a number of common ‘human’ foods that can be toxic for your pets… The important thing is to know exactly what to avoid. Here is a complete list.
Alcoholic beverages
It is often sweet - attracting dogs and cats, but can cause serious and fatal intoxication. Don’t ever offer this to your pets.
Here are some of the signs and side effects:
• Incoordination/ataxia
• Excitement
• Depression
• Excessive urination
• Breathing rate is slowed
• Cardiac arrest and death
Avocado
Avocado leaves, fruit, seeds and bark contain a toxic principle known as Persin. The Guatemalan variety is most toxic – but all have toxic potential. They cause vomiting/diarrhea - primarily gastrointestinal distress.
Chocolate (all forms)
Chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is a cardiac stimulant and a diuretic.
Signs:
Initial excitation.
Increased drinking and urinating.
Vomiting and Diarrhea.
Theobromine causes an increased heart rate and arrhythmia –.
Seizures can then be seen.
Death is then possible.
ACTION PLAN: Induce vomiting, give activated charcoal, and go to the Vet if depression and seizures begin. Baker’s chocolate and high cocoa content chocolate is the most toxic; the toxic dose is 2 baking squares for a 10lb dog. Regular chocolate bars have little real chocolate and are seldom toxic.
Coffee (all forms)
Coffee contains dangerous components called xanthines, which cause nervous system or urinary system damage and heart muscle stimulation
Fatty foods
The primary concern here is severe gastrointestinal upset- and in some cases Pancreatitis.
This can be fatal in some pets- and it is ALMOST always triggered by a High Fat Meal, such as gravy or bacon.
Macadamia nuts
Macadamia nuts contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscles of dogs. This has lead to paralysis. A small number of nuts and even the butter can cause this.
Moldy or spoiled foods
Many molds contain a type of toxin called an Aflatoxin. This is thought to be a common cause of “compost toxicity”. Signs include GI (Vomiting/Diarrhea), muscle tremors, in-coordination, elevated temperature, excessive salivation, and liver damage. Avoid feeding ANYTHING moldy to your dog or cat.
Onions, onion powder
Onions contain the toxic ingredient thiosulphate.
Pets affected by onion toxicity will develop anemia. 1 Onion can cause this. Fortunately ALL dogs recover once they are stopped from ingesting onions.
Raisins and grapes
As few as 6 grapes and raisins have caused acute kidney failure in some dogs.
The toxic ingredient is not yet known.
There is no treatement.
AVOID feeding ANY grapes or raisins to your dogs.
Yeast dough
The yeast dough/uncooked bread dough will rise in your pet’s stomach causing severe gastrointestinal distress (vomiting/diarrhea), bloating, and signs of alcohol toxicity.
Xylitol
Xylitol is a artificial sweeter found in “SUGAR FREE” Products, such as gum, candy etc.
Signs relate to a sudden drop in glucose (blood sugar), in-coordination, collapse and seizures.
Avoid feeding any gum/candy to your pets.
Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Peaches and Plums.
Ingestion of large amounts of stems, seeds and leaves of these fruits can be toxic.
They contain a cyanide type compound and signs of toxicity include apprehension, dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, hyperventilation and shock.
Note - it’s the seeds and stems that contain the toxic component, not the fruit itself.
Potato peelings and green looking potatoes
Potatoes and other Solanum species, including the tomato, are members of the nightshade family of plants.
These plants contain solanine and other toxic alkaloids which, if eaten in large enough amounts, can produce drooling, severe gastrointestinal upset, including vomiting and diarrhea, loss of appetite, drowsiness, central nervous system depression, confusion, behavioral changes, weakness, dilated pupils and slowed heart rate.
Nutmeg
High levels of nutmeg can be toxic, even fatal.
The toxic component is unknown.
Signs of toxicity include tremors, seizures, nervous system abnormalities or death.
Tomato leaves & stems (green parts)
The green parts of the tomato plant are considered toxic because they contain solanine, which has the potential to produce significant gastrointestinal and central nervous system effects.
WHAT to do IF your pet has eaten any of these toxic foods:
TO YOUR VETERINARIAN. If your pet is showing signs of ingesting a poison, it is important that your veterinarian examines her and treated appropriately. Some toxins can progress and lead to severe seizures. If you suspect antifreeze poisoning, it must be treated within 4-6 hours, before irreversible kidney damage occurs.
PURGE THE POISON. In most cases of poisoning, getting your pet to vomit is the most important thing that you can do. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING if something caustic has been consumed (such as drain cleaner or bleach). To induce vomiting, give hydrogen peroxide at 1 teaspoon per 10 lbs of body weight. If your pet doesn’t vomit in 10 minutes, repeat again. NEVER do more than 2 treatments of peroxide. You can also try salt: dilute 1 teaspoon of salt in a tablespoon of water per every 10lbs of body weight.
NEUTRALIZE THE TOXIN. If a caustic substance has been ingested, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING, rather give something to neutralize it. An alkaline toxin such as drain cleaner is neutralized by something acidic such as vinegar: give 1 tsp per 10 lbs of body weight. An acidic toxin, such as battery acid, is best neutralized with something alkaline such as Milk of Magnesia: give 1 tsp per 10lbs of body weight.
DELAY ABSORPTION. Activated charcoal is readily available at most pharmacies. It delays absorption of any toxin by binding to the toxic compound in the stomach. The easiest way is to give the capsule form. For those garbage-eating dogs (such as my own dog) it is a good idea to have hydrogen peroxide and activated charcoal always on hand.
TOPICAL TOXINS. If your pet is having a reaction to something on the skin, such as flea medications, or oil on the skin, then you want to remove it as soon as possible. Dish soap works well - lather it up, then rinse your pet thoroughly. Thick tarry substances that you can’t wash off can be first covered in flour, as the flour absorbs some of the oil, then washed off with dish soap.
PREVENTION. Ensure medications are always out of mouth’s reach. Become familiar with toxic plants (visit www.aspca.org/toxicplants for a complete list) and remove those from your house, if your pet is a plant-eater. Keep your compost covered.
Best wishes,
Dr. Andrew J

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13 years 2 months ago #265622 by Stu_R
Replied by Stu_R on topic Food poisons to dogs
:) beedee its all probably very true ... :) my 2 Akitas adore human food ,,, specially a chili-con-carne or a curry .. or chicken of any sort , then again anything Dad eats lol
but i never ever give them most of those things on the list anyway
But they will Kill for a chili or a curry ... lol and i dont make those much ... not worth it for just me

5 retired Greyhounds ( Bridgette , Lilly, GoGo,Sam and now Lenny) 15 friendly sheep all of whom are named and come when you call them :) , 2 goats, Mollie and Eee Bee :
Olive trees , .. old bugger doing the best he can with no money or land :)

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13 years 2 months ago #265649 by sod
Replied by sod on topic Food poisons to dogs
Thanks for that some of them are a suprise to me

Stu agree ours think if its good for Mum n Dad gota be good for them:)

Having time is a measure of enthusiasm:rolleyes:

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13 years 2 months ago #265684 by Sue
Replied by Sue on topic Food poisons to dogs
Thats a very good list beedee, thanks.
I'm suprised about the apples though. My lab just drools for her daily apple core and more if she can get them. I suppose she does sometimes spit out the seeds and stem if there is one-clever dog!

Sue
Labrador lover for yonks, breeder of pedigree Murray Grey cattle for almost as long, and passionate poultry person for more years than I care to count.

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13 years 2 months ago #265691 by scooter
Replied by scooter on topic Food poisons to dogs
I'm amazed about the grapes, as my Boxer used to help himself to the grapes on our grape vine.

"My memory's not as sharp as it used to be.
Also, my memory's not as sharp as it used to be."

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13 years 2 months ago #265695 by Stu_R
Replied by Stu_R on topic Food poisons to dogs
:) Scoter ... the Dalmatain i used to have used to pick his own bunch of grapes off the vine and sit in middleof back lawn and eat evry last one :)

5 retired Greyhounds ( Bridgette , Lilly, GoGo,Sam and now Lenny) 15 friendly sheep all of whom are named and come when you call them :) , 2 goats, Mollie and Eee Bee :
Olive trees , .. old bugger doing the best he can with no money or land :)

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13 years 2 months ago #265702 by beedee
Replied by beedee on topic Food poisons to dogs
Yes I knew about the grapes, but try to get to any dropped ones before phanty does, is a very hard job. And Ive seen many a dog finish off the beer in the bottom of the glass etc.
Still if any of the syptoms appear one might then have a double think and treat a bit faster

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13 years 2 months ago #265719 by Stu_R
Replied by Stu_R on topic Food poisons to dogs
:) beedee :) or jusat make sure you get all in the glass and nothing left for the dog :)

5 retired Greyhounds ( Bridgette , Lilly, GoGo,Sam and now Lenny) 15 friendly sheep all of whom are named and come when you call them :) , 2 goats, Mollie and Eee Bee :
Olive trees , .. old bugger doing the best he can with no money or land :)

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13 years 2 months ago #265823 by devan
Replied by devan on topic Food poisons to dogs
Wow i knew about some but not all of them...and obviously they dont apply to pigs or sheep cos my sheep ate all my tomato plants that had sprouted in the paddock!
My cat and horse love coffee and its a constant battle to actually drink a whole cup myself [:0] esp since i have a tendancy to leave the cups on fenceposts all around the farm :D

The trouble with some women is that they get all excited about nothing,and then they marry him.

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